Induced or induced abortion is the method by which a woman’s pregnancy is interrupted , through medical or pharmacological intervention. Not to be confused with the natural , where the mother does not want to interrupt the process, it is involuntary.
We are facing a delicate issue that has sparked a great debate over the years and it is a difficult decision because religious, cultural, ethical and moral factors come into play . Performing an abortion largely depends on the country where the mother is, in some it is prohibited unless the fetus has genetic malformations or the mother has been the victim of rape. In others, abortion is legal for any situation.
Anyway, if you want to learn more about abortion, then we leave you the procedure that is usually followed and the types that exist.
TYPES OF ABORTION AND THEIR PROCEDURE
There are many types of abortion and the one chosen will depend to a large extent on the number of weeks the pregnant woman carries, her socio-economic situation and also her health, since some are more risky than others.
1) Chemical abortion: it is usually the first option when the mother is a few weeks pregnant because it does not require surgical intervention or anesthesia . In the clinics they offer it up to approximately 7 weeks and it is the cheapest. It involves terminating the pregnancy using a combination of medications and the embryo is eliminated through the uterine canal.
It is a simple process but medical surveillance is necessary because sometimes the embryo is not removed correctly and medical intervention is needed to complete the process.
2) Surgical abortion. This is less used because it is more dangerous and more expensive. It is usually chosen when more than 7 weeks have passed and the chemical is not possible, it requires anesthesia. There are several methods.
– Abortion by aspiration. Through suction, the embryo is aspirated with an electric pump or manual syringe. The cervix (or cervix) does not normally need to be dilated.
– Abortion by dilation and scraping. This method is usually used until the fourteenth week, although currently the WHO does not recommend it because it could be dangerous.
3) Abortion in advanced stages of pregnancy
From 3 months to 6, abortion is used other types of procedures, which will depend largely on the weeks of pregnancy but the most common is the use of prostaglandins to induce labor and the injection of saline into the placenta wrapped with the amniotic fluid, which will harm the fetus.
CHEMICAL ABORTION CAN BE PERFORMED IN THE FIRST 7 WEEKS
Finally, in exceptional cases (6-9 months) in abortion clinics in some countries (where abortion is legal in all terms) they use the partial birth method but it is a controversial procedure. Another option is to paralyze the heart of the fetus , however, it is also a dangerous method for the mother. In general, the more months it takes to carry out the abortion, the greater danger it will have for the woman.
METHODS WITHOUT SANITARY CONTROL
Outside the law, there are certain practices that are carried out clandestinely and that are potentially harmful to women. Some illegal abortions are performed in “clinics” of dubious quality and under aseptic conditions. Logically, and with this scenario, women cannot allow themselves to be in the hands of these practices because the consequences can be deadly. For example, in many of them general anesthesia is used but without monitoring or intubation , although the surgery lasts only a few minutes, whenever anesthesia is used, there must be a professional who supervises it. Another reason for death in these cases is due to bleeding from the mother due to not using the instruments correctly.
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Other procedures that desperate women perform is putting themselves under the care of “healers” and other unqualified people . Cases have already been seen that have reached women’s hospitals in which sharp objects, toxic roots, poisonous chemicals and other substances have been introduced that, although if they achieve their objective, have dire consequences for women (these substances are absorbed by capillaries that irrigate the walls of the cervix thus passing to the mother).
In order to avoid these atrocities, the woman has to reflect well on the decision she is going to make , if she is sure of wanting to abort this reason should never be a reason for shame or humiliation. It should not be hidden, and much less if it is going to endanger our health . You must go to a specialized clinic or hospital where there is a follow-up and our safety is not endangered.
Each year it has been estimated that approximately 20 million unsafe induced abortions are performed worldwide, and of those millions approximately 600,000 end in death precisely because of that. It is a fact that although abortion is illegal in a country, women who are determined will end up practicing it, yes or yes. The problem is when they go to pseudo clinics and put their health at risk. It is vital to be well informed about the type of center to which you are going, who you are going to attend (if it is a medical professional) and the procedure that you are going to use.