Many couples choose to delay or give up having children . Some couples choose to use natural family planning methods, such as the fertility awareness or abstinence method . Many others choose to use artificial family planning methods. When choosing a contraceptive method, it is important to consider the effectiveness and health risks that may apply to each method. Talking with your doctor can help you make the best decision in your specific case.
Next we are going to talk about some contraceptive methods so that you know them and can choose with the necessary information which method is best for you and your personal circumstances.
Barrier methods of birth control physically prevent sperm from reaching the egg . Condoms, the diaphragm, spermicides, and other barrier methods would fall into this category. Male and female condoms can help prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV, herpes, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Condoms and spermicides for men and women are available in any pharmacy and in many stores, they are relatively low in price. Diaphragms are available only by prescription.
Some birth control methods work by altering a woman’s hormones to make pregnancy unlikely or impossible. The birth control pill, birth control shot, birth control patch, vaginal ring, and some IUDs are examples of hormonal family planning options. All of these require a prescription and medical examination before use. Hormonal contraceptives are very effective when used correctly, but some women cannot use them for health reasons.
Surgical birth control is considered permanent, and it is only for people who do not want one or more children. Men can have a vasectomy, which is a procedure performed on an outpatient basis in a doctor’s office. Women can have a tubal ligation, which is done under general anesthesia in a hospital . A newer method of non-surgical permanent sterilization for women is called Essure. This procedure can be done in the doctor’s office in many cases.
If you are not using birth control , or if your birth control fails, you have the option of using emergency contraception in the days immediately following unprotected sex. This usually consists of taking a large dose of hormones found in many birth control pills, but only in one. Some brands are available over the counter at your pharmacy, and others are available only with a prescription. But this type of pill should not be a regular because abusing them can be seriously harmful to the health of women.