Autism spectrum disorders usually have their first symptoms from childhood and in turn, they not only cause those who suffer from them to require help day after day but also to present certain social communication problems in different areas of their life.
In fact, autistic children often give the sensation of living immersed in their own inner world, something that makes it difficult for them to communicate with the rest of the world, which by their gestures and expressions recognizes them as people who suffer from a disorder that can occur in different degrees since autism does not affect all people in the same way and each case may be different from the other. Therefore, while some children have an easier time expressing themselves and engaging in conversations with other people, others have little words to talk about and often use their gestures and movements to make their wants or needs known.
Be that as it may, there are a series of aspects that usually occur in autistic children and therefore, they are constituted as signs that allow us to recognize this disorder:
- Repetitive and concise language: Sometimes, autistic children are unable to maintain a long conversation since they lose the sense of it and say things that have nothing to do with it. That is, their attention is not the most profound and in turn, their language in it is concise and repetitive at times. In other words, there are usually several times that the same question is asked for it to react and answer. Or sometimes, react to it and repeat your response several times even after being captured by the other person. On the other hand, these little ones also tend to raise their voices more than necessary on some occasions while on other occasions, their tone of voice is too low.
- Specific interests: Another characteristic of autistic children is usually the fact that they focus their attention to a great extent on those topics and interests that make them happiest and in turn, excite them. Similarly, some of them tend to have skills that, although at first seem difficult to possess due to their disorder, accompany them throughout their lives. For example, musical abilities, mathematics, etc.
- Poor non-verbal communication: Autistic children often have difficulties expressing themselves through gestures or signs since they even often avoid eye contact with people who do not look directly in the eyes when they have a conversation. This is sometimes seen as a lack of interest but should not be taken into account in such a way due to the disorder they suffer, which in many cases makes them show irrational attitudes or behaviors and that have no apparent explanation.
However, it is important to remember that this disorder can affect each child in different ways and that it is only his family and loved ones, who spend time with him, who can get to know him perfectly and understand him in each moment what are their wishes or what do they mean by their expressions , sounds or words. In addition, although sometimes it may not seem like it, children with autism do perfectly recognize their loved ones and it is with them that they tend to be closer and more communicative, evolving more and more in the development of their abilities.
SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM IN CHILDREN
There are many symptoms that can make any parent aware of their child’s disorder. Even so, these can be divided into two groups:
- The first symptoms: The little ones do not usually point to objects, they do not usually respond when called by their name, they pronounce their first words later than normal, they do not have direct eye contact with people, they do not show social interaction, etc.
- The latest symptoms: When they grow up, children usually have no interest in relating and making friends, they cannot have a small conversation, they are not usually very creative, they repeat words in their conversations …
For all the above, it is obvious that autistic children have social problems due to their difficulty in communicating or engaging in conversations as well as their lack of interest in relating . They are people who live in their own inner world, as mentioned above. Therefore, their perception of the world is different from that of other people and so are their sensory experiences. Sometimes, their behavior is not in accordance with their thoughts or feelings and vice versa, making their behaviors not always the most normal.
In short, any child with autism starts with the difficulty of relating to other children and, therefore, may have problems living in society, but this does not imply that they cannot do so with complete peace of mind, since nowadays there are many centers available to them. that these children can go to receive specialized education that allows them to be able to relate in a better way with the rest of the world and to be able to overcome these difficulties in relation to it.
In the same way, the treatment and help of the family to these children will be fundamental for their development, advancement and evolution. It is important to be patient and understand what the disorder consists of in order to be able to naturally assume many of the behaviors and actions of these people.