From the 4th month of life, the baby can start a complementary feeding , that is, non- dairy foods can be introduced little by little , such as fruit porridge. These new foods must be prepared properly so as not to harm your baby’s digestive system. The new feeding at this stage is essential, as it favors the passage from suction to the spoon and the change of texture from liquid to crushed and small pieces when the teeth come out .
LARGER AND LESS FREQUENT MEALS
For this, it will be essential to introduce new solid foods that will allow the child’s gastric capacity to increase as he grows. Before starting the introduction of foods other than milk or offering any new food to your baby, you should consult with your pediatrician and strictly follow the instructions regarding feeding your baby.
The text link cereals can begin to be introduced from 4-6 months, but never before four. It is important that these are gluten-free to avoid intolerances to wheat, oats, rye and barley. In addition, in this period it is also important to introduce fruit porridge in the baby’s diet for all the vitamins that they can provide.
The cereal foods without gluten are often the first food that is introduced into the diet of baby when you start introducing the first solid foods in your diet. As for fruits , it is recommended to introduce apple, pear, banana and orange as the first option. Finally, the recommended greens and vegetables are potato, green beans, zucchini and pumpkin.
It is important to note that these foods are not to replace a feeding , but to complement milk. For its preparation, a variety of fruits should be used and at the same time, some fruits such as pear, orange and apple at the beginning, and then banana, grape or plum one by one, so that the baby can get used to the new flavors. If it is difficult for you to adapt to the new flavors, you should reduce the intake little by little as more complementary feeding is introduced .
An important fact to take into account is the fact of not introducing peaches or strawberries in their diet until the baby is at least one year old , as they are more allergenic. You can also choose to introduce the first salty porridge, such as vegetable puree with chicken, but only and exclusively when your baby is 6 months or older. Do not forget that although new foods must be introduced, the WHO recommends breastfeeding up to 6 months of age.
HOW DO I KNOW THAT MY BABY IS READY TO EAT SOLID FOODS?
You must be very attentive to some signs that will let you know that your little one is ready to eat other foods. The most characteristic thing is that you notice that your baby is hungry once you have fed him with milk. Another sign is that he begins to make chewing movements, that he is holding his head up on his own or his teeth are coming out.
In any case, before introducing new foods and stopping breastfeeding before 6 months, you should consult your pediatrician , as one of the main causes of childhood obesity is withdrawing breast milk early and replacing it with solid foods. Remember that in this period solid foods must be complementary, that is, milk must continue to drink, although to a lesser extent.
NUMBER OF FEEDINGS AND AMOUNT OF MILK IN EACH OF THEM
If your baby is fed with breast milk, you are facing breastfeeding on demand , that is, you breastfeed your child without schedules or duration of the preset feedings, so it does not have established schedules but rather the schedule of each feed will determine when the baby is hungry .
Thus, in this case, it is not necessary to wait between 3 and 4 hours between feedings, as a baby may need to breastfeed more frequently because he may not have eaten enough in the previous feeding. At this stage, do not wake your baby to breastfeed, as they will wake up on their own when they want to eat. Both the duration and the frequency of each feeding will be determined by the baby.
On the other hand, if your baby takes a bottle , it is easier to know the amounts of milk that he takes in each feeding . Generally, for every 450g of weight they should drink about 74ml of milk a day. That is, if your baby weighs 4.5kg, you should give 740ml of milk a day divided into 6 or 7 shots, although you must mainly meet the specific demands of your little one. So, generally, at 4 months of age your baby will take approximately 180-210ml in 4 doses, and at 5-6 months of age about 210ml (or more) in 4 doses.