Childhood cerebral palsy consists of a disorder that affects several areas of the brain , the consequences of which are in the different functions of the brain and the nervous system such as learning, movement, language, thinking, vision and hearing. This type of disorder affects every year a high level of newborns who come into the world every year, that is, it is a disorder more than a disease, which affects people from birth, and is not contagious.
CAUSES OF CEREBRAL PALSY IN CHILDREN
Cerebral palsy develops during the maturation process of the nervous system that occurs when the fetus is in the mother’s womb and occurs due to injuries or abnormalities in the brain. Although this is the most common case, there are also others in which during the first two years of the child’s life, when the total maturation of the nervous system and brain occurs, especially in premature babies.
It is not possible to determine a fixed cause that triggers cerebral palsy, since there can be many reasons, mostly of unknown origin, those that will cause this disorder in the child. The most common causes of this condition are:
– Cranial trauma
– Infection of the mother during the gestation period
– Bleeding in the brain
– Brain infections
There are some children who are at increased risk of cerebral palsy from birth due to their nature. Among them, those who have a very low birth weight or are premature, those who have witnessed vaginal bleeding during their gestation or have experienced a complicated delivery, especially those who came from the breech, those who had multiple births or those who babies whose mothers suffer from hypothyroidism, among other cases.
Cerebral palsy, in most cases, is accompanied by other symptoms and other conditions related to the nervous system and the optimal functioning of the brain. These additional problems related to cerebral palsy are:
– Intellectual disability. Children with cerebral palsy may also have some delay in cognitive development.
– Delayed growth and development. Better known as growth failure syndrome, it is very common among children with moderate to severe cerebral palsy. This is a term that doctors use to refer to the delay in growth and development of the child, who from birth has alterations in this.
– Malformation in the spine. Scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis are closely related to cerebral palsy. This can cause difficulty in the child when it comes to staying upright and also cause them to suffer severe pain in the spine.
– Alteration in vision , language and hearing. More than a third of children with cerebral palsy suffer from disorders in these fields because they are activities that occur thanks to the proper functioning and coordination of the brain.
HOW IS CEREBRAL PALSY TREATED?
From the birth of the child, it can be determined if he suffers from cerebral palsy so it is from this moment when it can begin to be treated . The sooner we start the process, the sooner we will see results. Although it is a disorder that has no cure, it can improve if we carry out correct monitoring and treatment , for this we will have to subject the child to a medical plan in which different areas will come into play:
– Physiotherapy: with this we will see how the muscular problems and deformities of the child improve considerably.
– Language: with this therapy we will help the child to be able to express himself, even in a slightly primary way, and to learn to eat and swallow so that he does not choke.
– Occupational therapy: With this we will try to make the child a little more self-sufficient and for this they will be taught how to carry out activities of daily life such as dressing, going to school, participating in different activities …
– Medication and surgery: Using medicine can help us reduce muscle pain, avoid seizures associated with paralysis and reduce some abnormalities.
Having a child with cerebral palsy makes the parents’ life become a constant challenge, in which the day to day is a new adventure. Being patient and showing love can be the best therapy for a child with cerebral palsy, as they will feel loved and understood.