It is around the age of 2 when children begin to play socially or cooperatively . Although they are not mature enough and generally still enjoy solo play, collaborative play can start to appear at a young age and benefit younger children.
It is from the age of two when children are able to take turns with their playmates, share toys, follow simple rules and negotiate with others, although sometimes and due to their immaturity, there may be certain tantrums .
COLLABORATIVE PLAY AND WITH OTHER CHILDREN
Children often play together in parallel play (when children play close to each other but not with each other). The characteristics of collaborative play are not only the subtleties that show that a child begins to realize that he is not the only person in the world. This type of play teaches important social skills that help children grow during daily play. In collaborative play, children solve a problem by working together to achieve a common goal. Unlike competitive play that involves clear winners and losers, everyone wins in collaborative play.
Play is an extremely important part of development. It is how children learn. Play develops the skills children need to improve their emotional , social, physical, and cognitive abilities . As children grow older, they may not necessarily progress through the different types of games in a linear fashion. In fact, they are likely to engage in different types of play depending on their personality and the environment of the game.
THE TRANSITION IN THE GAME PHASE
It is necessary to keep some points in mind so that children can make a good transition to this phase of development, since collaborative play will help them to establish good interpersonal relationships with others in the future. What should be taken into account to promote healthy collaborative play in children is the following:
To take care of a child to share, use the term “share” in the most precise and exact sense of the word: that is, in collaboration. If you ask your child to “share” a cookie that they will never see again (because the other child has eaten it) that will only lead them to assume that when they share a toy , they will not get it back either … Sharing should be used when get back what you have borrowed, and in the case of the cookie, it would be more “give a cookie”.
Impulse control is needed so that a young child can give up something he wants now and wait. Start slowly by rolling a ball back and forth, which will help your toddler understand that they will have a chance to play the ball again very soon.
One of the best ways to teach young children the rules is by not allowing them to win all the time. Although it can be frustrating at first and may even seem a bit cruel to some parents, it is a good way to present the fact that all games have rules and that everyone must follow them.
Encourage collaboration over competition by emphasizing the advantages of teamwork. Your little one may not be old enough to help out with chores, but you can promote collaborative behavior by gathering toys and putting them away.
This is a skill best learned through modeling. Give your child a cracker and take out a slice of cheese. He may also order the slice of cheese or prefer the slice over the cracker. It will take a while for your child to understand the concept of give and take, but it is a skill that he will be able to put to the test at school and in the park.