Constipation in babies, especially between the ages of 0 months to 36 months, is one of the most common ailments parents encounter with their young child. It is a problem that, according to the WHO (World Health Organization) , affects babies by 85% for very different causes . Although this is the case, the reality is that the baby, especially those under 12 months of age , should be able to have a tummy every day at least once per meal or in the worst case, once a day.
As a general rule, constipation is caused by the intake of certain foods low in fiber and vegetables. Feeding a baby is based on eating liquid food, with soft flavors and easy to digest. In many cases, these foods are far from the recommended diet so that a baby’s intestinal development takes its usual course. In addition, it is important to note that the digestive system of the newborn baby is in the process of adaptation to the body and growth , it takes a few months until the intestine is stable to be able to face a regular and stable intestinal activity.
For babies over 12 months of age, their stools are no longer solid and constipation can be a bigger problem as it is more painful. There is no reason to be alarmed, constipation, although in some cases it is a symptom of a parallel disease, in most of them it has an easy solution and various remedies that make this ailment not long-lasting and can be dealt with quickly and easily.
SOLUTION TO CONSTIPATION
Constipation in babies, according to pediatricians specialized in the matter, in most cases it is not necessary to carry out any specific cure procedure. Sometimes, a specific day’s diet low in fiber and / or vegetables causes temporary constipation (usually lasts several days, between three and four) that ends up solving only when the baby begins to eat other types of foods. But if, on the contrary, the constipation lasts over time and exceeds four days, it would be convenient to apply some very simple remedies, without having to visit the doctor.
In the case of the newborn and to avoid performing any painful method for him, there is a very effective home remedy. With a cotton stick that we use to clean the inside of the ear hole, we wet it (the part of the cotton) in a little olive oil . In this way, the blockage caused by the feces will be solved with these remedies through the pressure exerted by these sticks. In addition, olive oil makes it possible to soften the hardness of the stool to be able to expel it more easily and without pain since another reason for constipation is caused by the difficult expulsion due to the hardness of the stool in some cases.
Another of the most common remedies used by parents is to give the baby an edema that [quotei] We will avoid using edema because they are very annoying for the baby [/ quotei] causing the immediate expulsion of everything accumulated by constipation. These remedies are more used in emergencies or in the event that constipation is very long-lasting. It is not painful, but it can be uncomfortable for the baby since a small tube is inserted into the orifice of the anus through which high pressure water and / or air is expelled to cause the expulsion of stool.
Another of the infallible remedies to solve and also to avoid constipation are to follow some easy eating behaviors such as preparing the baby a balanced diet rich in vegetables, fiber and cereals . In addition, encourage the grafting of laxative fruits, less the banana and apple, drink plenty of water and give the baby at least 5 cc of raw olive oil daily, for example, pour it on the vegetable puree or the baby food.
WHEN SHOULD WE GO TO THE PEDIATRICIAN?
As we have said previously, constipation is not a serious ailment, so a visit to the pediatrician is not necessary. Only in the event that these and other remedies are carried out, the constipation continues without being solved and continues to lengthen in time, we will go to the pediatrician to verify that it is a simple constipation.
It is important to be clear in advance that constipation is very common, but it is true that there is a low percentage that it can be derived from a parallel disease . For parents to remain calm, go to the pediatrician to perform the relevant tests that rule out or confirm the existence of any abnormality in the baby. In general, in cases where there is an abnormality, it is usually of the digestive, stomach and / or intestinal type .
Sometimes the baby is not metabolizing food correctly, it does not carry out a good digestion or one of its vital organs is not well regulated and the body becomes alert in this way. If it is a constipation stronger than usual, but without any derived disease, the pediatrician will proceed to prescribe some type of medication . The most common are those taken by mouth (pills to dissolve in water or introduce them crushed in the baby’s food) or suppositories, usually glycerin that helps intestinal transit.
Constipation is an occasional ailment that should not alarm parents, especially since it can be very common during the first years of the newborn’s life. If this lasts too long and causes discomfort in the baby (he does not sleep at night, he has a lack of appetite, we see that he makes the effort to do his belly but he does not succeed and he cries …) go to your pediatrician for bedside and please do not give the baby or self-medicate it without the consent of a specialized doctor as there are medications that are not suitable for newborns.