Motherhood, more and more, is being a process subject to research and changes to improve the birth of the baby . New techniques are being implemented in hospitals around the world so that the breasts and the newborn develop their birth in a more positive way for their growth and for their improvement ( births in water , in the natural environment, without anesthesia, in position vertical…).
One of these new initiatives is the so-called outpatient delivery, which consists of the mother and the newborn going home within a maximum period of 24 hours after the delivery in question, without the need for hospital admission . On some occasions, the baby and the mother have gone home as little as nine hours after birth. In countries such as Germany , Austria and the Netherlands, outpatient delivery is already implemented by default within the normality of the baby’s birth, noting an important advance in the face of the rapid recovery of both.
What determines whether or not the pregnant woman can have an outpatient delivery is that the doctor confirms that there have been no problems during the delivery, neither for the mother nor for the baby , that no external elements have been required to help the birth, such as for example the forges, that the delivery has been advanced, that the baby is born prematurely and in some things that it has been born by cesarean section. Even so, all these reasons are also exposed to the possibility of an outpatient delivery as long as in the subsequent hours of recovery, everything is in perfect condition and without significant negative changes or anomalies.
HOW OUTPATIENT DELIVERY IS PRACTICED
Outpatient delivery is a maternity technique that has a quick and simple process, but that must be known in advance to know how to act when the baby is about to be born and what risks and difficulties can be carried out through this form of motherhood. Before delivery and when the pregnancy is in an advanced stage (at approximately four or five months), it is recommended that the mother attend some prepartum classes specific for outpatient delivery. They must know how the procedure is going to be carried out, what exercises before and after delivery they should perform for their rapid improvement .
THIS OPTION OFFERS FEWER HOURS IN THE HOSPITAL
When delivery approaches and the pregnant woman begins to dilate and have contractions on a regular basis, the midwife or person in charge of the hospital for these cases will go to her home to carry out this process together with the future mother and avoid unnecessary waiting in the process. hospital. This procedure is not carried out in all outpatient deliveries, there are women who prefer to go to the hospital directly once their own contractions prior to giving birth develop very often.
During outpatient delivery, everything is carried out in a similar way to normal deliveries, only in this case external aids are avoided and in most cases anesthesia or the cut made in the vagina to open the outlet are dispensed with. of the newborn . Hours after the newborn has been brought into the world and the postpartum checkups have been carried out, the mother and baby can go home.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Like any technique, outpatient delivery also has positive and negative aspects. Among the main reasons for wanting an outpatient delivery is the comfort of spending those later days in the comfort of your home, your bed and having your things at hand. In addition to being able to start the routine and stability of the baby in it in a faster way.
According to studies carried out in the aforementioned countries, it is proven that another of the positive aspects of outpatient delivery is the reduction in the chances that the current mother has postpartum depression , for the reason (among others) that she is not misplaced in the hospital and that she can enjoy her new motherhood in privacy with her family and friends.
Another positive aspect is that both the newborn and the mother can receive support and hospital monitoring at home without having to go to the hospital. A midwife, nurse or person specialized in this sector, goes to the mother’s house for approximately three consecutive days to see that both the baby and she are well and do not need additional help.
PROS AND CONS
Among the negative aspects of outpatient delivery is the possibility that the baby suffers from ‘neonatal jaundice’ (more colloquially known as bilirubin), since babies are exposed to it in a very high percentage of possibility as soon as they are born. This would delay the improvement of the newborn due to what it entails not having the necessary means at home to alleviate this rise in bilirubin quickly. In addition, the baby is exposed to a greater number of infections when going outside and being in places where it is not disinfected, such as in a hospital where these types of issues are taken care of in detail.
It is important to bear in mind that the mother must be clear about when and how to feed her child so as not to have problems in the face of healthy habits and illnesses . Therefore, to proceed with an outpatient delivery it is important to consult with your doctor all the aspects before and after it and to know very well how the baby’s care works once they are installed at home.